Pacific Northwest Native Plant Profile: Broad-leaved penstemon (Penstemon ovatus )

Anna on Penstemon ovatus
Growing penstemons usually requires a valiant effort to mimic wild conditions
by creating rock gardens complete with crevices that these beautiful plants’ roots can inch their way into. Most species will suffer without well-aerated, quick draining soil, and can’t live with frequent summer irrigation. Unless you reside where the soil is naturally rocky or gravelly, providing fast drainage in the Pacific Northwest can be a bit challenging. But Penstemon ovatus likes moisture and will usually let you manage with whatever soil you have, providing it drains well and contains a fair amount of organic matter.

Nicknamed broad-leaved or egg-leaf penstemon, it’s a great asset to the garden. Long-lived and upright, it grows from a woody base. Its leaves are glossy, deep green, and shaped somewhat like a spade. When in flower—typically May and June—the plants rise up to two or three feet above ground. Speaking of flowers, they are gorgeous: small (15-20 mm) but many and arranged in whorls on fairly tall inflorescences, they are a bright blue that melds into violet.

How it grows
Hardy to Zone 4, this perennial is native to parts of the PNW west of the Cascade Mountains, at low to middle elevations in damp, partly sunny to mostly shady places near forest edges, often in riparian areas. It’s range is somewhat scattered and includes the western Columbia Gorge and parts of the Willamette Valley, as well as northern areas of the Olympic peninsula and southern British Columbia. Natural distribution to county level can be found here.

Wildlife value
Penstemons, in general, are fantastic pollinator plants that are irresistible to hummingbirds, native bees, syrphid flies, beetles, ants, moths, and others, depending on the species. I’ve seen P. ovatus attracting syrphid flies, P. ovatus + tiny native beeants, bumble bees, and impossibly small native bees, many of which nest in the ground (so take care when applying mulch or digging in soil to avoid harming them). Small songbirds may eat the seeds, which mature in summer, and foliage creates cover for tiny creatures.

Try it at home
Broad-leaved penstemon likes rich soil, regular (but not constant) watering, and virtually any light situation except deep shade or excessive sun, although more sun tends to make the plants more floriferous. Since it is a fairly robust and versatile plant, placement shouldn’t be too difficult: In my Portland yard I find it does best in part sun, and looks great a foot or two in from a pathway due to its height while in bloom. Placing multiple plants in swaths, with each plant around 18 inches apart will make it easy for pollinators to find them and minimize the amount of bare soil that sprouts weedy plants.P.ovatus

As mentioned earlier, unless your soil is already high in organic matter and drains well, add some low-nitrogen compost before planting (leaf compost is good). I like to get plants in the ground in mid to late fall when forthcoming winter rains will help get their roots established before the demands of spring; if you plant in springtime be sure to keep them adequately hydrated during the first few summers. After plants are established (usually a couple of years), they should do fine with just occasional—but deep—watering. If you happen to plant them close to other plants that like frequent irrigation they will likely do fine, but don’t keep them consistently saturated. Siting them at the edges of rain gardens should work, but not in the low, very wet parts.

Another Northwest penstemon for moist conditions is P. serrulatus.


© 2017 Eileen M. Stark

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